Do you know what is the native name of Georgia?
In this blog you will find out useful information about Georgia and interesting facts that will help you to deepen your knowledge in Georgian culture and history. Georgia – you already heard or read this name many times while travelling through Georgia or reading different articles about the country, but maybe never had an idea how do locals call Georgia in their native language.
We call it Sakartvelo, the name comes from the core Georgian region called Kartli, also known as Iberia from Byzantine or Ancient Greece historical annals.
Georgian people identify themselves as “Kartvelebi”, because the native name of Georgia is Sakartvelo which represents combination of prefix “sa” and suffix “o” that literally means “the area where … live”. The earliest mention of Sakartvelo occurs in the Georgian chronicle written approximately in the eighth century. However, the term became fully official in the early 13th century.
Sakartvelo – just remember the native name of Georgia and make sure you’ve already put it in your travelling bucket list!
Did you know that Georgian people have their own language and unique alphabet?
• Georgian alphabet consists of 33 letters.
• Most scholars link the creation of it to the King of Georgia, Pharnavaz I (3rd century BC).
• Georgian alphabet undergone several stages of development.
• UNESCO has added the Georgian alphabet to the list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Alphabetical Tower in Batumi
It has a shape of the DNA and all of the 33 Georgian letters are written on it!
GEORGIA – THE BIRTHPLACE OF WINE?
With a history of winemaking that dates back 8000 years Georgians are rightly proud of their rich and historic wine producing culture.
What makes Georgian wine unique?
Qvevri – special clay earthenware vessel which Georgians use to store and age wine as archaelogists have traced the world’s first known wine creation comes from the South part of Georgia and discovered artefacts dates back in 8000 BC. Some of the Qvevris could remain underground for up to 50 years.
Georgia is now making a name for itself in the natural wine market. Even though it is a small amount of its total production, the rise in interest for traditional methods and using clay for storage and fermentation has put the country back at the forefront of wine production.
Traditional Georgian Cuisine is one of the main attractions of the country. Georgian feast called Supra in native language is integral part of Georgian culture and traditions, we even have special person at the feast called Tamada which translates as toastmaster. Traditional dishes here are so delicious and appetizing that no one will be able to remain indifferent. There are 11 regions in Georgia and each of them has different traditions in the term of national cuisine. Georgians are very hospitable people and think that Guest is the gift send by the God. Georgian Safari offers special gastronomic tours across whole country.
WHAT IS THIS? OH, YES CHEESE BOAT!
Acharuli KHACHAPURI is the one where dough is formed into an open boat shape and is topped with a raw egg and butter before serving. Originally coming from Adjara, which is seaside region, it has a form of boat from the black sea – and egg over it – is the symbol of the sun going down in the sea.
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